Social Composition and Characteristics

  1.  Household and Family

The total number of households of the municipality in 2017 as per result of CBMS Survey is 3,212. The number of household increases by 26 compare to the 2015 figure which is 3,186.

  1.  Marital Status

Both the marital status and age-sex distribution when analyzed can indicate the fertility pattern in the municipality. Based on 2017 CBMS result the higher percentage of the household population 10 years and over belongs to the single status which constitutes 43.8 percent followed by the married status with 38 percent. Regarding on the sex comparison by marital status, the data shows that the male population of the municipality prefer to stay single rather than engaging in a married life. In contrast, most of the female population prefers to have a partner in life rather than staying single. As to age of settling down, most of the Belisongnons settle down at late stage as per result of the CBMS survey.

  1.  Mother Tongue/Ethnicity

The mother tongue reveals much about the population’s origin and is often used in the administration of government programs. Belison is a diversified municipality in terms of mother tongue or dialect spoken by the population. However, the common first language or dialect spoken by most Belisongnon in his earliest childhood is Karay-a. This is the common dialect in the whole municipality with 3,040 household or equivalent to 95.4 percent of the total households using it as their dialect.  Hiligaynon (Ilonggo)) follows this with 73 households or 2.29 percent and Tagalog with 51households or equivalent to 1.60 percent. This case seems to prevail since Belison is accessible to Iloilo and most of the population usually takes a ride in order to go shopping and take their collegiate education in this city making them influenced by the dialect. In the case of Tagalog, some of the Belisongnons migrated to Manila to seek for employment and eventually marrying a Tagalog inhabitant, thus they are influenced by their spoken dialect. Cebuanos are also present in the municipality, considering that a lot of them are migrants within the town living along the coastal areas of coastal barangays specifically in barangay Borocboroc and Maradiona.

 Population Size and Growth Rate

The population of the Municipality of Belison, Antique based on CBMS Survey conducted on 2017 was 13,514. In census of population 2015, the total household population of Belison is 13,539. In the span of two years, the result of CBMS survey is quite surprising for household population decreases by 25 individual compared with the result of census conducted in 2015 by the PSA. As per record, from 2015 Census of Population and CBMS Survey, Belison is the least populous municipality in Region VI. The population of Belison increases by 1.06 percent annually on average during the period of 2010 to 2015. By comparison, this growth rate is faster than at which the municipality grew during the period 2000 to 2007 at a rate of 0.98 percent. The population of Belison in 2015 which was 13,539 is 2.3 percent of the total population of Antique which was 582,012 in the same year.

Growth of Barangay Population

Of the municipality’s 11 barangays, Poblacion had the biggest population in 2017 as per result of the CBMS survey with 4,611 persons and considered as densely populated. The other top four barangays with bigger population include Maradiona (1,488), Borocboroc (1,216), Concepcion (1,199) and Rombang (1,106). In contrast, the top five barangays with the smallest population include, Buenavista with 380, Salvacion with 457, Mojon (537) and Ipil (783).

Although, Mojon was the third barangay with the smallest population, yet it is the fastest growing barangay with an average annual population growth rate of 1.07 percent from 2015 to 2017. The second fastest growing barangay with an average annual population growth rate at 0.42 percent from 2015 to 2017 is Rombang and followed by Ipil at 0.25 percent.

 Migration Patterns

In 2017, the municipality conducted the CBMS Survey and the resulted population is 13,514. Out of this number of population, 12,260 are the resident population, 619 are the Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) and 635 are non-working individuals. This non-working individuals are people who either studying outside the province or seeking job opportunities from highly urbanized cities here and abroad. It can be noted that in-migration and transfer of residence in the rural areas among some inhabitants who wanted to decongest the urban barangay is happening which slows down the urbanization level of the municipality. The presence of core shelter or relocation area in barangay Mojon influenced the population growth rate of the barangay.

Population Density

Belison has a total land area of 1,978.3092 has. It has a household population of 13,514 as of 2017 CBMS Survey. Having the land area and the total population, the calculated municipality’s population density is 7.19, which means that there are more or less 7 individuals per hectare or 719 per square kilometer. This is higher by 35 persons per square kilometer in 2015 with population density of 684.

Household Distribution

In the 2017 CBMS Survey, the Municipality of Belison had a total of 3,212 households with a household population of 13,514. This gives a computed average household size of 4.2 which means that the average member in each household is 4. The barangay of Poblacion has a total household of 1,082 with 4,611 household populations while the remaining numbers of 2,130 household and 8,903 household populations are unevenly distributed to ten (10) rural barangays. The table below presented the data.

Urban- Rural Distribution

Out of the eleven barangays of the municipality, Poblacion being the center of the town can be considered as urban barangay.  It is the most populated barangay with 4,123 resident population and 4,611 including its overseas population which constitute the 34% of the total population of the municipality. The remaining 8,903 or 66% populations are unevenly distributed to ten (10) rural barangays. Tables below present the distribution of population in the urban and rural areas.

 Tempo of Urbanization

Urbanization refers to the growth in the proportion of a population living in urban areas as development takes place or established or when there are economic opportunities in the area in-migration occurs thus resulting in increasing density population.  Compare to the past census year, it can be notice that urbanization level of the municipality decreases. The Barangay Poblacion, the town center posted a total population of 4,503 in 2015. On the other hand, the rest ten (10) barangays had the total population of 9,036. Based on this data taken from 2015 census year, it shows that the population in the Poblacion, the center of the municipality accounts the 33.3% of its total municipal population. This shows that the percentage of urbanity of the municipality is 33.3% in 2015 and it increase. The percentage of urbanity or urbanization level of the municipality seems to decrease every census year. As showed in the table below, the urbanization level of the municipality is decreasing while the provincial percentage of urbanity is increasing every census year. This simply shows that the municipality is a lively community of agricultural activities.

Age-Sex Distribution

The 2017 CBMS Survey shows that out of the total number of household population which is 13,514, the 6,773 or 50.1% of which are males and 6,741 or 49.9% are females. It appeared that there were slightly males (6,773) than females (6,741). This gives the municipality a sex ratio of 1, which means that for every 100 males born, there are 99 females. However during the past censal year (2015) the result is total opposite, females predominate males.

With regards to total resident household population, females dominates the males with a sex ratio of 1.0 which simply reflects that mostly of the male population are working outside the municipality. While age-sex distribution of the population defines the volume of demand for various goods and services and supply of human resources, the sex composition of a population presents important implications to future growth both in terms of immediate and long-term effects. For instance, the fact that almost one-fourth (21%) of the female population were in their reproductive ages (15-49 years) this may indicate a moderately increasing birth rate at least in the near future. The table below present the distribution of population in each age year and by sex.

The population pyramid show at a glance the distribution of population within the municipality. It reflects the patterns of fertility, mortality and migration in the past. The data on Table 7 when plotted as population pyramid (refers to Graph 2) forms a smaller-based pyramid indicating a low fertility/population growth rate for the past years. This is consider as a population in transition where fertility declines are reflected in progressive decrease in the younger population with corresponding increases among the older population.

Dependency Ratio

Dependency ratio signifies the extent to which those who are too young or too old to earn a living depend for support on those who work. They are classified into two; the young dependents comprise the age bracket of 0 to 14 years old and the old dependents that are 65 years old and over. In 2017 CBMS result, there were 62 dependents per 100 persons in the working group. The working age population is 7,580 or 62% of the population. This information resulted to a total dependency ratio of 62%, of which the female dependency ratio is 62% and the male dependency ratio is 61%.