Housing has been primarily self-help activity for the majority of the households. Increasing population pressure on land and infrastructure and associated high cost have made proper housing inaccessible to the poorer segments of the population, necessitating local government intervention initially as a welfare activity and now recognized as a social and economic imperative. In a developing municipality like Belison, problems of urban housing have been more evident, both because of exponentially increasing land and construction cost and deteriorating quality of life in congested urban pockets. Sheer number of additional housing required to meet the needs of the growing urban population presents a formidable task. If we add to this the unserviceable housing stock in rural areas the task assumes frightening proportions. However, the facts that housing is one of the major employment generators and that motivation for ownership of housing is an important element in the mobilization of domestic savings, make the task worth our endeavor. Housing is not to be treated as a marginal or welfare sector which is a drain on productive resources but to be recognized as a major economic sector.
- Number of housing units, by type of building (single, duplex, etc.) and construction materials
The housing situation of the municipality reveals that housing stock is becoming inadequate for its households. The table below shows that out of 2,988 housing units there are 3,212 households occupying it. The number of the ratio of households to occupied housing unit based on the standard ratio of one household in one housing unit indicates the existence of doubled-up households and a shortage of 224 housing units. Majority (3,139 or 97.7%) of the households lives in single houses while only a few or 77 (2.3%) lives in duplex, multi-residential unit, and commercial/industrial/ agricultural units. Results of the CBMS survey shows that mostly of the households (1,398 or 43.5%) uses strong construction materials for the outer walls of their houses. Nevertheless, 1,054 or 32.8% of the households uses light materials such as bamboo, sawali, cogon and nipa. Some of the households uses mixed materials which could either be strong, light or salvaged materials. On the other hand majority or 1,488 (46.3%) uses galvanized iron (GI) sheets for their roofing. The table below present the complete data.
- Tenure on the house and homelot
Tenurial status refers to the right under which the property is held or operated. A property particularly the land or housing units can be owned, rented or amortized. As regard to tenure status, Table 3.11.4b shows that majority of the households owned their housing units and lot. This is because most of the households wanted to have their own house and lot. Some of the household occupants inherited the house and lot where they are living from their parents. Other owned it through reported sources of financing. Result of the CBMS 2017 survey reveals that, 2,233 or 69.5% of the households are the rightful owner, owner-like possession of house and lot where they are living. This record portrays a secure tenure for the majority of the households dwelling units. The remaining 6% are either renting, occupying the unit for free with or without consent of the owner. It could be notice that every censal year, the number of owned housing units are increasing. This simply shows that mostly of the newly build houses are owned by the households occupying it. Results of the data gathered that majority or 97.8 percent constructed their houses from their own resources/interest-free loans from relatives and friends.
- Sources of drinking water
In terms of water supply, Belison has a sufficient amount needed to satisfy the needs of the population. However, due to congestion of houses and establishments which sprouted rapidly as mushrooms, potable water supply became scarce especially in the urban area. Many cases of diarrheal diseases existed during rainy season due to the mixing of polluted surface water to the clean potable water when water level arises. It is in this reason that based on the Table below, a 30.01% of the population utilized bottled water as their source of drinking water.
With regards to access to safe drinking water, the barangay with the highest number of households without access to improved water source is Barangay Buenavista with 26 households or 28.26% of the total number of households of the barangay. In the whole municipality, the number of households without access to improved water source is 64 or 1.99% of the total number of households. The table below reflects the complete data, while Map 14 identifies the location of the said households without access to improved water source.
- Type of fuel used for lighting and cooking
Based on the data taken from the result of CBMS Survey in 2017, the number of households with access to electricity is 3,043. However, there are 3,051 households used Electric Company (ANTECO) as the source of their lighting. Nevertheless, the other sources of electricity by the households in the municipality are battery, generator and solar. The table below, present the detailed data.
- Types of garbage disposal
As per result of CBMS 2017 survey, the usual manners by which the households in Belison dispose their kitchen garbage are by dumping in an open space or pit and burned it. Others dumped it in individual pit wherein their garbage is simply thrown whether inside their backyard or vacant lots and left to decay. This is due to the absence of picked-up garbage trucks and permanent municipal dumpsite.