Belison is an important transportation hub located on the National Road connecting the province of Antique. It is served with a total road network of 61.312 kilometers classified into five categories: the national road which is 13.864 km or 22.61%, provincial road is 2.774 km or 4.52%, municipal road is 20.230 km or 33.00%, barangay road is 15.424 km or 25.16% and road right of way or private roads is 9.019 or 14.71% of the total road length. Most of the municipal roads are concreted in the town proper, the Poblacion. Some of the barangay roads are almost concreted too especially within the barangay proper. However, farm-to-market roads and road right of ways are mostly earth-filled. Out of the total road length, concrete paved roads, is 19.021 km or 31.02%, asphalted is 6.664 km or 10.87%, 1.936 km or 3.16 % is covered with gravel and 33.691 km or 54.95% is earth-filled.
Inventory of Bridges by classification
Bridges are important links in a road network. Regular maintenance must be properly observed in order to keep the roads open to traffic. Bridges along national roads are categorized into two (2) bridge structures, these are Permanent and Temporary. Permanent bridges are those concrete and steel bridge structures and Temporary are those bailey and timber bridge structures. To summarize it all, the entire number of bridges present in Belison is five (5), which are located in Mojon, Ipil, Maradiona, Sinaja and Poblacion. One of these bridges is considered as cultural heritage considering its year of construction. The Inventory of Bridges by Location, Type, Capacity and Condition is reflected in Table 5.2.
The National Irrigation System has been operating since 1974 through gravitational type of irrigation. Since then, several rehabilitation works were undertaken and extensions of irrigation canals were made to supply more irrigation water to ricefields. Irrigation water is diverted through a run-off type river dam located in Tipuluan River. The system serves an area of 430.66 hectares of riceland unevenly distributed to the 11 barangays of the municipality. It has a capacity of 2,664,000 cubic meters per day. Pump and engine set were also present in six barangays namely, Buenavista, Maradiona, Ipil, Mojon, Salvacion and Sinaja. This pump and engine set were used as pumping engine to supply water to ricefields during off season of irrigation systems. The irrigation system profile is reflected in Table 5.3.
Flood Control and Drainage Facilities, by location, type of facility (group riprapping, concrete lining, etc.), length, width, and thickness
Flood control in the municipality is absent despite of the presence of three rivers. Nevertheless drainage facilities is one of the priorities of the LGU. The type of drainage system present in the Poblacion is concrete lining with a length of 1,094.50 linear meter and 4 inches thickness. Some of the barangays had also group riprapping along water canals and water outlets. Although drainage facilities are present yet it is still lacking. Due to insufficient drainage system a lot of problems arises especially the annual flooding cause by stagnant surface water during rainy days. Most of the local roads are always underwater during heavy rainy days. Although some of the concrete paved roads in the urban area have a culvert, yet it is not enough to take care the rainwaters falling in the area hence, it resulted to flooding. The problem does not only exist in the Poblacion. Almost all of the barangays also experience flooding annually due to the absence of good drainage system. Road canals and creeks are heavily silted and are not already capable to carry the surface overflow. Another cause of flooding is the relatively low elevation of the town proper. Flooding usually occurs when heavy downpour is accompanied by a high tide.
Domestic Water Supply
Water system in the municipality subsists in three levels (please refer to Table 5.5). It has the Waterworks or Water District (Level III), communal faucet systems (Level II) and the point source (Level I) which is in the form of water pumps and hand pumps which are very common in the rural areas. Mostly of the level 1 water supply that subsists in the municipality had a shallow well source. But mostly of households do not utilize this water source for drinking purposes. They only make use of the water for domestic purposes such as for washing of clothes, watering of plants and personal washing. As reflected in Table 5.5, the number households served by this level 1 water source is 1,897 or 59.5% of the total households.
A communal faucet system serves barangay, Buenavista and Mojon. As presented in Table 6.1, there are 210 households or 6.6% of the total households in the municipality served by Level II water supply system. The water source of this water system is improved spring with communal faucet. It serves the school community and some of the households located in the nearby vicinity which is reachable by the said water system.
The Belison Water District, the sole provider of Level III water supply system had distribution lines in nine (9) lowland barangays – Rombang, Concepcion, Sinaja, Salvacion, Poblacion, Ipil, Delima, Borocboroc and Maradiona. The number of connections for this water system is 771 serving 1,079 or 33.9 percent of the total households. The prevailing water rate in the municipality is P24.50 per cubic meter with a minimum ten (10) cubic meter. Domestic connection is the only type of consumer. The average monthly consumption of connection ranges from 10-15 cu.m. Average water consumption in a month of all connections ranges to 10,567 cu.m.
Electric Power Supply
Belison is one hundred percent energized. The Antique Electric Cooperative (ANTECO) supplies electricity to the municipality which sourced its power from the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR). The 2017 CBMS survey results revealed that mostly of the houses in every barangay has electrical house connections. As of December 2017, the household connection level in the municipality had reached to 94.74 percent. This means 3,043 out of a total 3,212 households have electricity connections.
As per record from the PNP and Mayor’s office, the current number of jeepneys registered in the municipality and plying the route between the municipality to San Jose and other part of the province is twenty five (25). These jeepneys are always available any day of the week from 5:00 in the morning to 6:00 in the evening. However, some of the jeepneys from other municipality passing along the town are serviceable anytime of the day. Another popular mode of public transportation within the municipality is the motorized tricycles plying within the inter barangays. Three associations (TODA) are regulating the route and coding of every tricycle plying in the southern barangays, northern barangays and within the Poblacion. As per record the number of tricycles operating within the municipality is 188 units.
In addition, there are jeepneys from the northern part of the province going to San Jose passing along the town and travel regularly over a route. An estimated number of jeepneys coming from other municipalities passing the town and servicing the commuting public are thirty (30). Aside from jeepneys, L300 Vans and buses are also available plying the route from northern part of the province to Iloilo and vice versa. RORO buses heading to Manila and back to Antique or Iloilo enroute in the municipality. This means of transportation give an ease to the commuting public. As taken from the office of the Philippine National Police, the estimated number of RORO buses serving the commuting public in Belison are ten (10).
Information and Communication Facilities
The entry of the wireless telecommunication companies led by Smart and Globe has accelerated growth of the local telecommunication industry. Almost all of the households have greater access to cellular service with every household owning two mobile phones on the average. Internet access has also been increasing, powered by more accessible and affordable broadband services being offered by Smart and Globe, as well as bundled offerings by local cable TV operators. Cybercafes offering cheap internet services and games have also been mushrooming in the municipality, further enhancing greater access by local residents and visitors’ alike. The present Free Public Wifi access through the People Konek Project of the Department of Communication and Information Technology is currently serving the town. The Philippine Postal Corporation serving the municipality has its own office that facilitates the delivery of letters to the public. There are two cable television networks which are serving the town, the Buenavista CATV and Barbaza Coop CATV which is managed by the Belison Multi-Purpose Cooperative. Radio signals from Iloilo, Manila, in the province and other parts of the country are picked up by radios at home and keep them informed on the happenings around them.
Waste Disposal System
Since Belison is just a small 5th class municipality, waste production is not much a big problem and quite manageable. As per survey conducted in every barangay the estimated volume of residential waste every day is 390 kgs. In terms of commercial waste, the public market can be considered as a main source of this waste. The volume of waste collected every day in the Public Market is estimated from 50 kgs. to 70 kgs. but the volume increases to around 103 kgs. during Friday, being the market day considering that there are lots of transient vendors who simply leave their garbage after marketing. Since the town does not have much number of institutions except the schools, churches and municipal offices, the estimated volume of waste taken from these sources is 96 kgs. As estimated, the maximum volume of solid wastes generated everyday by source reaches to 589 kilograms.
At present, implementation of the Municipal Solid Waste Management is under the Office of the Municipal Mayor, with a duly Designated MENRO as an additional task handling the entire waste management activities to include but not limited to; garbage collection and operation of the municipal final disposal facility and the continuing conduct of IEC program initiatives. There are six (6) Utility Workers maintaining the cleanliness of the town. In the market area, one (1) regular employee and two (2) hired laborers are in-charge of the daily collection of wastes. The wastes are being collected every afternoon and brought to the final disposal site twice or thrice a week depending on the volume of market wastes contained in the MRF. One (1) dump truck and one (1) multi cab is used to transport market wastes to the final waste disposal area. The two (2) hired laborers are also tasked in the collection of waste in other public places. Puroks and municipal premises have segregated receptacles which cater the needs of the public in throwing away of their garbage.
Households from different barangays are responsible for the segregation and recycling of biodegradable, recyclable, compostable and reusable wastes they generated.
Cemeteries and Burial Grounds
The municipality of Belison had four (4) sites for cemeteries and burial grounds owned privately by the dominant denominational sects in the municipality, the Roman Catholic and Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI). The other site is privately-owned intended for non-sectarian burial such as Protestants. The current low mortality rate of the municipality indicates low possibility for overcrowding of burial grounds. The total area of burial ground within the municipality is 1.7805 hectares.
The permanent-concrete public market hall surrounded with concrete fence is the hub of the business in the locality located at the heart of the municipality, the Poblacion occupying an area of more or less 5,000 square meters. Complimentary services such as grocery stores, restaurants, general merchandising and personal services can be found in the commercial area to augment its services. The main building is divided into meat, fish and vegetable sections. It is also surrounded with market stalls made up of wood and concrete materials. Additional seven (7) concrete market stalls were constructed to augment the services. Still a lot of reluctant local businessmen rented the open space part of the main building and installed partition to make use as their stalls for different type of business. Although additional numbers of market stalls were constructed, yet it is still lacking and cannot accommodate all local investors who wanted to venture into business.